Spousal Veteran Benefits: How Long Do You Have to be Married?

Sat Dec 09 2023


The VA offers benefit opportunities to dependents of veterans. So let’s look at some rules and unlock the benefits you deserve!

Post image

Veterans benefits are privileges extended to those who have served in the military. This veterans service isn’t limited to the veterans but also extends to their spouses or dependents under certain conditions. One often questioned condition is the duration of the marriage to the veteran. Here we’ll go over the influence of the length of marriage on spouses’ eligibility for VA benefits.

Understanding Veterans Benefits

Veteran benefits are a broad cluster of programs and services offered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). These benefits ensure comprehensive support for veterans and their families to lead a comfortable life post-service. There are four main categories: compensation, education & training, life insurance, home loans, and healthcare. These benefits aren’t only restricted to veterans but also extend to their dependents, survivors, and caregivers.

Marriage Duration and Eligibility

It’s necessary to understand that the duration of marriage significantly influences a spouse’s eligibility for benefits. For many VA benefits, there is no set marriage length requirement. For instance, spousal benefits for VA disability benefits, Survivors’ Pension, and VA health care aren’t determined by the marriage duration. However, for dependency and indemnity compensation (DIC), a spouse must have been married to the veteran for at least one year before the veteran’s death.

Remember that these marriage duration qualifications are in place for veteran spousal benefits to ensure that the relationship is stable and longstanding, minimizing the risk of fraudulent claims. It serves as a measure to protect the integrity of the benefits system and ensure that they reach those who genuinely deserve them.

Types of Veteran’s Benefits Available to Spouses

As a spouse of a veteran, several benefits can be accessed such as medical benefits, burial benefits, Dependency and Indemnity Compensation, Home Loan Guaranty, and many more.

VA medical benefits offer coverage for preventive, outpatient, and in-patient treatments. These benefits can be crucial in providing healthcare support for a surviving spouse. Burial benefits, on the other hand, assist in covering the funeral and burial expenses of the deceased veteran.


Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) provides monthly payments to eligible spouses who have lost their spouse due to service-related conditions. Along with monthly support, the DIC also offers educational benefits and home loans with the Home Loan Guarantee Program to help spouses secure a home.

Factors That Can Influence Spousal Eligibility

Numerous factors can influence a spouse’s eligibility for veteran benefits. For instance, in case of divorce from the veteran, the ex-spouse loses all entitlement to the veteran’s benefits. However, if a divorced spouse had earlier secured a VA home loan, they can still retain their eligibility for that specific benefit. Upon the death of the veteran, eligible spouses may still qualify for certain benefits such as Dependency and Indemnity Compensation and Survivors Pension. On remarriage, a spouse may lose their eligibility for certain benefits but can regain them if the subsequent marriage ends due to divorce or death.

Benefits Available to Children of Veterans

Children of veterans are also eligible for certain benefits provided by the VA. These benefits are offered as support as the children continue to grow. These benefits include educational assistance, healthcare coverage, and home loan guarantees.

The VA offers educational benefits, such as:

  • Post-9/11 GI Bill, which provides financial aid for college
  • Survivors’ and Dependents’ Educational Assistance (DEA) program, for children of veterans who have a service-connected disability or have died while on active duty
  • Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Department of Veterans Affairs (CHAMPVA) offers comprehensive health insurance for eligible dependents
  • VA Home Loan Program, which helps applicants get loans and understand the terms and conditions for purchasing, building, or refinancing a home

VA benefits are not only available to children of a deceased veteran. Children of veterans may be eligible for benefits such as educational assistance, healthcare coverage, and home loan guarantees while their veteran parent is still alive. For this reason, it is important to be aware and take advantage of the resources that are there for your children, right now! Eligibility requirements and specific benefits may vary, so it is advisable to consult with the VA or visit their official website for detailed information.

Steps to Apply for Veterans Benefits as the Spouse

1. Gather the necessary paperwork. These documents will include VA forms, marriage certificates, SSNs, and evidence of the veteran’s military service.

2. Fill out the VA Form 21P-534EZ, the Application for Dependency and Indemnity Compensation.

3. Submit it along with the necessary documents to your local VA office.

In complex cases, legal advice might be necessary to assist in the application process.

Clearing Misconceptions about Benefits and Marital Duration

Misconceptions regarding one’s VA benefit and marital duration abound. Many erroneously believe that the longer you are married, the more VA aid you can claim as a surviving spouse. However, as explained, this isn’t always the case. While the duration of marriage is an important factor for spousal benefits, the veteran’s disability rating or cause of death plays a larger role in determining eligibility and benefit amounts.

It’s also a common misconception that longer marriages automatically lead to more spousal veteran benefits. It’s crucial to understand the specific criteria for each benefit and consult with the VA or their official website for accurate information. Legal advice may also be necessary in complex cases.

profile icon of allveteran

About the Author


Latest posts from All Veteran

Read the latest from our blog. Discover new benefits and stay up to date on the Veteran community.

Your Veteran Benefits Are Waiting

You're one step away from an expert collection of veteran benefits resources.

Get Started